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Wednesday, March 25, 2015

Key Indicators Report of CDHS 2014

Few highlights and summaries from Cambodia DHS Key Indicators Report


*The Key Indicators Report provides early access (~3 months after fieldwork!) to some of the most commonly used indicators from DHS surveys, including disaggregated estimates by household wealth quintile. These indicators are later included in the more comprehensive Final Report. The KIR replaces the former Preliminary Report.


Fertility:
·  The total fertility rate (TFR) is 2.7 births per woman, decreasing slightly from 3.0% in 2010. The TFR for rural areas (2.9) is nearly a full child higher than for urban areas (2.1).

Family Planning
·  56% of currently married women use some form of contraception, an increase from 51% in 2010 (39% use a modern method, an increase from 35% in 2010).
·  The most commonly used modern contraceptive methods among all women are the Pill (18%), and Injectables (9%). 18% of women use traditional methods.
·  Among currently married women, demand for family planning satisfied with a modern method is 56%.

Antenatal Care and Delivery Care
·  The percentage of women who received antenatal care from a skilled provider is 95%, an increase from 89% in 2010.
·  The percentage of births delivered by a trained health professional is 89%, an increase from 71% in 2010.
·  The percentage of births delivered in a health facility is 83%, an increase from 54% in 2010.
·  89% of the last live births in the five years preceding the survey were fully protected against neonatal tetanus, an increase from 85% in 2010.

Child Mortality
·  Child mortality indicators - measured for the 5-year period before the survey - show that the under-five mortality rate is 35 per 1000 live births, a decrease from 54 in 2010.
·  The infant mortality rate is 28 per 1000 live births and the neonatal mortality rate is 18 per 1000 live births (both decreasing from 45 and 27 in 2010, respectively).

Child Health
·  73% of children ages 12-23 months are fully vaccinated, a slight decrease from 79% in 2010. 2% of children received no vaccinations.
·  In the 2 weeks preceding the survey:
o 28% of children less than 5 years presented symptoms of Acute Respiratory Infection. Of those, medical treatment was sought for 69%.
o 6% of children  less than 5 years had a fever. Of those, medical treatment was sought for 61%.
o 13% of children  less than 5 years had diarrhea. Of those, medical treatment was sought for 56%, and 3% were given ORS and zinc.
Nutrition
·  Breastfeeding is common among children less than 6 months (93%), but only 65% of children less than 6 months are exclusively breastfed, a decrease from 74% in 2010. Only 73% of children less than 4 months are exclusively breastfed.
·  32% of children ages 6-59 months are stunted, suffering from chronic malnutrition, a decrease from 40% in 2010. (9% currently suffer from severe stunting).
o 10% of children suffer from wasting, showing little change from 11% in 2010. (2% currently suffer from severe wasting).
o 24% of children are underweight, decreasing slightly from 28% in 2010. (5% are currently severely underweight).
·  About one in three (30%) of Cambodian children age 6-23 months (breastfed and non-breastfed) receive a minimum acceptable diet.

·  56% of children less than 5 and 45% of women suffer from anemia, showing little change from 55% and 44% in 2010, respectively. 

HIV/AIDS
·  77% of women and 87% of men age 15-49 know using condoms and limiting sexual contact to only one faithful and uninfected partner helps prevent contracting HIV, increasing slightly from 75% for women and 80% for men in 2010.
·   less than 1% of women age 15-49 and 3% of men age 15-49 reported having two or more sexual partners in the past 12 months. Of these only 30% of men reported using a condom during their last sexual intercourse.
·  10% of women and 9% of men have been tested for HIV in the past 12 months and received the results of the last test

Maternal Mortality
The maternal mortality ratio for Cambodia for the period 2008-2014 is 170 deaths per 100,000 live births (95% confidence interval: 95-246), substantially decreasing from 472 for the period 1999-2005 (95% CI: 338-605).  

The report is available online at http://dhsprogram.com/pubs/pdf/PR60/PR60.pdf

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